2nd Lieutenant Basil George Hope MACLEAR MC
Number 2 Company, 4th Battalion Grenadier Guards

Date of birth: 11th October 1885
Date of death: 26th July 1916

Killed in action aged 30
Buried at Essex Farm Cemetery Plot II Row Z Grave 19
He was born in Canterbury on the 11th of October 1885, the second son of the Reverend Canon George Frederick Maclear DD, Warden of St Augustine's College, Canterbury, and Eva Jemima (nee Purcell). He was christened at St Paul's in Canterbury on the 24th of December 1895.

He attended the King's School Canterbury from January 1899 to October 1902.

He went on to Reading University and, on leaving, he moved to South Africa in 1904 where he purchased a fruit farm at Plaisa De Merle, Simondium in Cape Province.

In September 1915 he returned to England to enlist and boarded the SS "Kildonan Castle" at Durban, landing at London on the 17th of September 1915. He enlisted as a Private in the Grenadier Guards and on the 24th of September 1915 he applied for a commission in the Special Reserve of Officers. On the 5th of October 1915 he was commissioned as a probationary 2nd Lieutenant in the Grenadier Guards, being confirmed in that rank on the 26th of January 1916.

He embarked for France on the 16th of December 1915 where he joined the 4th Battalion of his regiment.

On the 24th of March 1916 he rendered a report of a patrol he had undertaken and as a result of the information it contained he led a further reconnaissance patrol the following day which, if successful, would result in a bombing attack on the enemy trenches at a later date. In the event the patrol was seen by the enemy and a fierce fire fight broke out which meant that with all surprise lost future plans for a raid were abandoned.

On the 19th of April 1916 the Germans occupied the village of Wieltje in front of the 2nd battalion Scots Guards who were holding the line in front of the village but only thinly. The Germans then attacked and captured six hundred yards of British trenches and then began bombing their way up towards the Scots Guards. Basil Maclear was put in charge of a strong patrol to assist the Scots and in spite of the German grenades which "rained" down on the group they were successful in clearing the enemy from the positions. For his part in this action Basil Maclear was awarded the Military Cross

The citation appeared in the London Gazette of 31st of May 1916: -

"For conspicuous gallantry and ability. When ordered to establish communication with another battalion, he did so over 250 yards of ground in the face of very heavy shell fire, establishing bombing posts as he proceeded."

On the 26th of July 1916 a party of enemy troops raided front line trenches held by No.2 Company near Ypres. Some half a dozen of the enemy jumped over the parapet and bombed a working party who were taken completely by surprise. Basil Maclear, hearing the noise, rushed to the spot and was killed instantly by a bomb thrown at close range. Further reinforcements rushed to the spot and ejected the raiders, who disappeared into the darkness.

The regimental history records that:-

"Second Lieutenant Maclear was an officer who could ill be spared, as he had proved himself to be absolutely fearless and self reliant, and his loss was felt by everyone in the Battalion."

His brother, Lieutenant Geoffrey D'Olier Maclear MC (OKS) 2nd Battalion 39th Garhwal Rifles, died on the 29th of January 1919.

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